I have a bumper crop of Thai sweet basil at the moment. Every summer I grow quite of lot of this favourite herb from cuttings. I bought a pack of basil, trimmed and put the stems in water, covered the leaves with perforated clear plastic bag and put in a cool light area. Change the water and clean the stems every few days to remove any decays. In about 10 - 14 days the cuttings would have long roots ready for planting.
I used Thai sweet basil for Thai dishes as well as Chinese like three cups chicken.
When I was in Thailand the last time, there was one unforgettable beef dish i really like but I just can't remember what it was called. It's a stir fried beef with Thai sweet basil and ground roasted rice. It's spicy, sweet, sour, salty and remarkably fragrant from sweet basil and ground rice. I have been trying to recreate it at home, the result been pretty good.
Here is the guesstimate recipe, much as I can remember the taste, texture and flavour.
about 400g beef steak (rump or sirloin)
2 large cloves of garlic, chopped
1 tbsp of Thai chilli paste in a jar (nam prik pao), more or less to your taste
1.5 - 2 tbsp fish sauce
2 tbsp sugar
2 tbsp lime juice
about 2 tbsp ground roasted rice, kao kua (see below how to make this)
about 1 handful of basil leaves, rinse and shake off as much moisture as possible
about 1/3 cup of oil
- Chargrill or fry the beef like a steak, medium rare. Leave to rest and cool. Then cut into thin slices.
- In a clean wok, heat the oil till almost smoking hot. Then drop in half the basil. The oil will sizzle rapidly. Stir and fry the leaves for about 1 minute till darker in colour and turning crisp. Remove and leave to one side.
- Remove most of the basil frying oil and leave about 1.5 tbsp. Heat and add in the garlic, stir till fragrant. Add chilli paste, sugar and fish sauce. Stir and reduce the sauce till quite thick.
- Then add in the beef and remaining fresh basil, stir till fresh basil wilted and and beef is coated with the sauce. Then stir in lime juice. Heat off stir in fried basil leaves and ground rice. Ready to plate up. Can sprinkle on some more ground rice on top
How to make ground roasted rice - kao kua
Quite easy just take a handful of glutinous rice (sticky rice) and dry roasted with a small frying pan. Keep the heat fairly high and keep stirring till rice grains turning rich golden brown. Leave to cool then ground using a coffee grinder or a mini blender till very fine like powder. You can sieve it if the grains look a bit coarse. Any leftover can keep in an airtight container for weeks.
If you don't have glutinous rice, you can use jasmine rice but the rice grains can be harder, more difficult to grind and can feel gritty to the taste.